Developed in 1881 in a small Italian village by Mister Gepetto with the help of Jiminy Cricket, The Pinocchio Procedure, a technique for changing wooden puppets into real boys, has recently been adapted in East Asia to allow transformation of Japanese anime characters into live human beings.
Impossibly difficult to perform, this secret surgery is currently available in only one heavily-guarded monastery located on a secluded mountain top.
Serious known side-effects include a tendency for the nose to grow longer when telling a lie and one instance of a patient turning into a donkey.
Most patients recover fully and live happily ever after. Really.